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  1. Sudanese Pre Wedding Rituals and Celebrations
  2. Shila – Night of the Gifts
  3. Sudanese Wedding Traditions | At wedding the in the Sudan th… | Flickr
  4. ISBN 13: 9781491243145
  5. Challenging Some Myths

This atmosphere is described by Dr. Doleeb in a magnificent poem in which he described his beloved girl on ox-back in fine words of affection and flirtation, with her long smooth hair and likening her to the rose of the pasture. A wooden dish and its cover There is not much difference between the customs and traditions of the Baggara Tribe and those of the other tribes.

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The marriage, for instance, starts with the proposal and seeking opinion of the relatives and then like the Dinka a certain number of cattle herds is offered to the family of the prospective bride. The boys and girls dance together to the rhythmic beat of the nuggara which is placed in the center of the circle. The dancers strongly beat the ground in concert with rhythm which appears similar to the sound of the ox.

This is because they rely in their life on the ox for their nomadic movements during which they sing songs of a four-fold rhythm that matches with the jogging of the ox.

On the wedding party day, particularly on the henna day, the colleagues and friends offer contributions to both the bride and bridegroom. The bride is usually selected from the related family, like the daughter of an uncle or an aunt in conformity to the proverb which means "cover your dish". After the wedding party, the bride is taken to the house of her husband whose mother prepares the palm-leaf mats, buckets of millet and sorghum in addition of oil, kerkar local perfumery and a variety of other perfumes.

The mother decorates the room of the bride and bridegroom with curtains ornamented with cowries, ostrich feather and copper. The bride is moved from her home to that of the bridegroom in a parade, known as 'sairah' or march during which certain song praising the beauty of the bride are sung.

Sudanese Pre Wedding Rituals and Celebrations

One of the customs of the Baggara Tribe is the beating of the nuggara which is a drum locally made from cattle leather and is drummed on occasions and in moony nights. Each branch of the family has its own rhythm which it beats when the people get together at the residence of Nazir or sheikh of the tribe. The nuggara is also used on the Nushooq and Sayyar journeys and on death and hunting. The Baggara were famous for hunting elephants for the ivory before the international ban on ivory sales.

Shila – Night of the Gifts

The elephant hunters move on horseback in groups armed with spears or shulkaya which is a forked spear; and upon seeing an elephant, they make a circle around the animal and attack it from all directions, stabbing it with their spears until it falls to the ground. On the return, they are met with the hakkamat with trilling cries of joy and songs praising the heroes who have brought the elephant for their bravery and skillfulness. The Baggara tribe is divided into several clans, including the Baggara Humur, Zurug, Ajaiza, Falatya and Ta'aysha but their customs and tradition are nearly similar.

Among their former renowned chieftains who took part in the Mahdist Revolution were Khalifa Abdullahi al-Ta'ayshi, nicknamed Toor Shain or frightening ox and Al- al-Jaly while their current chieftains include Babo Nimir, Madibbu, Hiraika and others. For these reasons the milk drying factory could not operate and was substituted with one for canning karkade which was ultimately shut down" Doleeb said.

The contest was organized in Tunisia on the sidelines of the festival marking the 50th anniversary of the Federation of Arab TV and Radio Stations. What is unnatural is also when a woman asks for a divorce when she discovers that her husband was previously married to another woman and had fathered a girl from her, sometime before they got married. The plea for divorce looks more unusual when the woman insists upon a divor We let them loose gazing at the blue, although we were never asking them why they were looking for them.

Our camp had a large guard dogs, they bark night long and our cousins in many times rotate in guarding the camp. Our life in the camp was even got more stressed when Kowshi and Gisma were reaching their adulthood and were ready for marriages.

Sudanese Wedding Part I

Unwelcomed prospective husbands came from nowhere and no one in the camp knew anything about them, they came and asked if they could wed one of them promising to pay large head-s of cattle. Usually the range of dowry payment was about fifteen or less head-s, but the intruders promised thirty five or more. Our elders had nice way of sending them away by saying the girls were already reserved for their cousins. The intruders would leave the camp content with whatever answers they received.

Sudanese Wedding Traditions | At wedding the in the Sudan th… | Flickr

Our cousins themselves were divided about who would marry Kowshi or Gisma. Some of them who felt unjustly excluded left the camp for long time or never came back again unless were paid cattle head-s equal to the number paid for the marriage. But we had to live with the inevitable. Since Baggara have collectivism lifestyle, their marriages are communal — anyone, known to them or unknown, can come and participate on the dance. They slaughter bulls to honor their guests and award money to the dancers from wherever they come.

During marriage dancing people loudly cheer and sometimes the situation gets chaotic with dust overwhelm the spectators and cutting their breath short — kids run away and the elderly cover their noses with their sleeves or toubes. For many days, marriage occasion becomes people tale. The people remember many of the dancers who made special effects or stood out for certain acts. Usually the best dancers and the worst dancers are among those who are mesmerized. People also remember those who bring large life animals such as one or two oxen for slaughter during the occasion, or those who contribute large sum of money.

For good or bad, Baggara marriage also becomes part of Baggara history, they refer to other events in relation to the year of someone got married, such as someone is born two years after someone marriage. Baggara marriages are great times for socialization. The young Baggara men are able to eye-ball their targets. They can send gifts and letters to their loved ones. Baggara marriages also are good times to uncover plots and affairs- hence fighting are always a possibility during marriages.

ISBN 13: 9781491243145

Baggara are polygamous nation — sometimes they marry up to four co-wives at a time. However, the passionate marriage celebration always happens for the first time marriage. Among the many names of marriage steps recorded in the Baggara customs and traditions are: the night party gaidouma , the mid-day party mageela , the marriage shelter sarif , the wedding day dukhla , the deflowering night dukhla night. The deflowering is the hardest night ever for the bride, for the reason that Baggara brides are circumcised and it is so hard for the groom to deflower the bride without having a friend called minister wazir to help him de-circumcise the bride — a painful process throughout the Baggara communities.

During this time, the wedding house becomes social gathering place for poets, male singers hadayiin , female singers hakamat , chats, tales tellers, and meeting place for the great Baramka social gathering. The Baramka Social System is an honorable system among Baggara tribes and its members.

The Baramka constitute a lunatic constellation of men and women from different Baggara clans forming associations or clubs for ceremonial tea drinking, singing praising songs in honor of a gentleman or a woman who has done noble deeds, singing disapproval songs for demonizing an unworthy man. The epic of Baramka social system is tea tradition, where they have strong abiding rules for how to drink tea, how to handle it and how to cook it — any abuse of tea is punishable.

In their traditions, society is divided into two groups: the good, benevolent, giving and caring group and the other group: the evil ones who do not drink tea or honor tea traditions; they are cheap, mischievous and cowardly. The first group composes of Baramka - the gentles in their vocabulary called hourafa, sing. The other group is the Kamakla sing. Kamkali group — these are the dishonorable thugs. Baramka social system is an informal social group, within which Baramka sing.

Barmaki or harif forms informal courts which rules on affairs that matter to them. Their ruling is only abiding to Baramka members, yet they have their own way of forcing anyone of Baggara people to abide by its ruling. Kamakla — the thugs rarely attend the Baramka court, and for most of the times, they do not allow them to attend — for reasons that Kamakla are dishonorable and cannot be honored by attending Baramka tea drinking gatherings. During marriages, Baramka gather for tea ceremonies and for teaching the youngster the Baramka social system or holding court in request for their members.

The wedding place turns into huge social gathering place. To finance such social activities in the wedding house, the ingenuity of our ancestors has come with elegant solutions.

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Challenging Some Myths

The house is built with two main pillars, which have certain rules if violated by anyone he has to be a fine — the pillars are called the right wing and left wing pillars or sometimes the southern and northern pillars. The northern pillar is located on the women side where the bride stays but the fine of this pillar goes to men finance and in reciprocity the fines for the pillar on men side goes to the women bucket.

The pillars are obtained from trees that grow vegetative in order to be a sign for the location of the wedding in the years ahead and whenever the camps pass by the same area they locate the wedding house place by the trees that grow from the pillars.